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Jesus Christ the Son of God

The Scriptures declare plainly that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, and they teach the indivisible unity of Deity, as the One Father, out of whom all things have proceeded, and who is supreme above all, even above Christ (1 Corinthians 11:3). Jesus emphasises the distinction between himself and the Father, in the following statements:

"I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear I judge, and my judgment is just, because I seek not mine own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me" (John 5:30).


"My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me" (John 7:16).


"It is written in your law that the testimony of two men is true. l am one that bear witness of myself; and the Father that sent me (the other witness), beareth witness of me" (John 8:17-18).


"This is life eternal, that they might know thee, the only true God, AND Jesus Christ whom thou hast sent" (John 17:3).

The marked distinction recognised and affirmed in these statements is incompatible with the doctrine which regards the Son an essential constituent of the one "triune" Father. There are "the Father", "the Son", and "the Holy Spirit". The question is, What is the relation between the three, as taught in the Scriptures? The objection now urged is against the relation which Trinitarianism teaches to exist between these three. The endeavour is to show that they are not three co-equal powers in one, but powers of which one is the head and source of the others. The Father is eternal and underived; the Son is the manifestation of the Father in a man begotten by the Spirit; the Holy Spirit is the focalisation of the Father’s power, by means of his "free spirit", which fills heaven and earth.

The simple appellation "Son", as applied to Christ, is sufficient to prove that his existence is derived, and not eternal. The phrase, "Son of God", implies that the one God, the eternal Father, was antecedent to the Son, and that the Son had his origin in or "out of" the Father to whom he must therefore be subordinate in a sense inconsistent with Trinitarian representation. "This day have I begotten thee" is the language of Scripture, clearly pointing to commencement of days. This view is confirmed by the statement of Christ:

"As the Father hath life in himself, so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself" (John 5:26).

Christ, therefore, though now possessed of inherent life, had been invested with it; it is not in this case underived. It is only the Great Uncreate, the Father, that can say, "I am, and there is none else beside me". Yet, though Christ’s is not an underived existence, it is more directly divine than the human. A man is an embodiment of his father’s mortal life-energy. Jesus was not born of the will of the flesh, but of God. He was begotten of Mary through the power of the spirit. This was the origin of his title, "the Son of God". See the angel’s words to Mary:

"Therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God" (Luke 1:35).

But, though Son of God, he was flesh and blood.

"Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same... he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham. Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren" (Hebrews 2:14,16-17).

"He was made sin for us, who knew no sin" (2 Corinthians 5:21).

As he was in character sinless, this could only apply to his bodily constitution, which, through Mary, was the sin-nature of Adam. As Paul says:

"God sent his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh" (Romans 8:3).

"He was sent forth made of a woman" (Galatians 4:4).

"Of the seed of David according to the flesh" (Romans 1:3).

Jesus was "a man approved of God by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him (after his thirty years’ preparation) in the midst of Israel" (Acts 2:22). This is Peter’s description of him. Paul speaks of him as "the man Christ Jesus" (1 Timothy 2:5). He was tried and disciplined as Adam was, but succeeded where Adam failed. "Though he were a son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered" (Hebrews 5:8). This precludes the idea of his being "very God". He was the Son of God, the manifestation of God by spirit-power, but not God himself. "The life was manifested", says John, "and we have seen it, and bear witness, and show unto you that eternal life, which was with the Father and was manifested unto us"(1 John 1:2).

Again, in his gospel narrative (chapter 1:14), John says: "The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth", from which it is evident that Christ was a divine manifestation, an embodiment of Deity in flesh - Emmanuel, God with us. "God giveth not the spirit by measure unto him", says the same apostle (chapter 3:34). The spirit descended upon him in bodily shape at his baptism in the Jordan, and took possession of him. This was the anointing which constituted him Christ (or the anointed), and which gave him the superhuman powers of which he showed himself possessed. This is clear from the words of Peter, in his address to the Gentiles in the house of Cornelius:

"God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power; who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed" (Acts 10:38).

This statement alone is sufficient to disprove the popular view of Christ’s essential Godhead. If he were "very God" in his character as Son, why was it necessary he should be "anointed" with spirit and power? He did no miracles before his anointing. He had no power of himself. This is his own declaration:

"I can of mine own self do nothing" (John 5:30).

"The Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works" (John 14:10).

On Calvary, left to the utter helplessness of his own humanity, he felt the anguish of the hour and cried out,

"My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Matthew 27:46).

Before his anointing, he was simply the "body prepared" for the divine manifestation that was to take place through him. The preparation of this body commenced with the Spirit’s action on Mary, and concluded when Jesus, being thirty years of age, stood approved in the perfection of a sinless and mature character. After the Spirit’s descent upon him, he was the full manifestation of God in the flesh. The Father, by the Spirit, tabernacled in Christ among men. "God was in Christ", says Paul, "reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them."

When raised from the dead and glorified, he was exalted to "all power in heaven and earth"; his human nature was swallowed up in the divine; the flesh changed to spirit. Hence, as he now exists, "In him dwelleth all the fulness of the God-head bodily" (Colossians 2:9). He is now the corporealisation of life-spirit as it exists in the Deity. But this change from what he was "the days of his flesh" has not obliterated a single line of his human recollections. This is evident from Paul’s words in reference to his priestly function: "We have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities" (Hebrews 4:15). This can only be on the principle that Jesus retains a memory of the infirmity with which he himself was encompassed in the day of his flesh career upon earth.

When Jesus said, "he that hath seen me hath seen the Father", he did not contradict the statement that "no man hath seen God at any time", but simply expressed the truth contained in the following words of Paul: Christ is "the image of the invisible God" (Colossians 1:15), "the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person" (Hebrews 1:3). Those who looked upon the anointed Jesus, beheld a representation of the Deity accessible to human vision.

Jesus declares things of himself which are held to sanction the idea that he existed as a person before his birth of Mary; such as that "he came down from heaven to give life to the world" (John 6:33); that "he proceeded forth and came from the Father" (John 8:42; 16:28), that he had "power to lay down his life and power to take it again" (John 10:18); that he "had glory with the Father before the world was", and was "loved of him before the foundation of the world" (John 17:5-24), etc..

It is evident, however, that we must understand these expressions in the light of the undoubted facts of Christ’s life and mission. These literal facts are that he was begotten of the Holy Spirit, and born a baby at Bethlehem (Luke 1:35, 2:4-7) grew up to be a man, increasing in wisdom with years, stature, and experience (Luke 2:52); remained the private and undistinguished son of Joseph the carpenter, until the power of the Spirit was shed upon him at his baptism (Luke 3:21-23); after which, he did the works and spoke the words recorded; that he was put to death through weakness (2 Corinthians 13:4); was deserted of the power of the Father when suspended on the cross; and that he was afterwards raised from the dead by the Father (Acts 2:24,32; 3:15; 4:10; 5:30; 10:40; 13:30,37).

With these facts in view, we are enabled to attach the proper sense to statements which, in a naked and detached form, would appear to teach a personal pre-existence. For instance, when Jesus said to the Pharisees that he came down from heaven, he could not mean that the person standing before them had bodily descended from the clouds, as his words, literally understood, would have taught, and as the Pharisees appeared to have understood; he meant to say that his origin was from heaven. The "Holy Spirit" that came upon Mary - the "Power of the Highest" that overshadowed her, came down from heaven, consequently, the resultant man could, without extravagance, say he came down from heaven. The sense was literal as applied to the Power of the Highest that produced "the man Christ Jesus"; both at the stage of his begettal and the stage of his anointing on the banks of the Jordan, when the Spirit descended in bodily form and abode upon him; but not literal as applied to the man Christ Jesus.

When he said he proceeded forth and came from God, it was in the sense of these facts. He could not mean that as a person he had emanated from the very presence of the Almighty, but that the Father had sent him in the way disclosed in the record of his birth and baptism. John is described as "a man sent from God", without meaning to suggest that John existed before he was born and sent.

When Jesus said he had power to take up his life after it should be laid down, he expressed the confidence that God would raise him. It was not power in the dynamic sense; but authority; he immediately adds, "This commandment have I received of my Father"; that is, the taking up of his life would result from the Father’s power and authority, exercised in accordance with the pledge given by the Father. Literally, Jesus did not take up his life; the Father raised him; but because it was the Father’s purpose, and because the Father spoke through Jesus (John 14:10), Jesus could appropriately say that he had power to raise up himself. An example of this style of language, in which what a person has a relation to in the divine purpose, is considered as under his control and referable to his power, occurs in Jer.1:10:

"See, I have this day set thee over the nations and over the kingdoms, to root out, and to pull down, and to destroy, and to throw down, to build, and to plant."

Literally, the prophet did none of these things, but was over- powered and slain, as nearly all the servants of God were; yet the things he predicted came to pass, and this is taken as a sufficient basis for the highly-wrought language above quoted, which imputes the result of Jeremiah’s predictions to Jeremiah’s individual operations.

Christ’s statement that he had glory with the Father before the world was, must in the same way be understood in harmony with the elementary facts of the testimony. The glorification of Jesus was a purpose with the Father from the beginning: and, in this sense, he had glory with the Father before the world was. This may appear a strained explanation; but a regard to the scriptural habit of speech will justify it, in view of the testified facts of the case.

The Lord said to Jeremiah:

"Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee; and before thou camest forth out of the womb, I sanctified thee: and I ordained thee a prophet unto the nations" (Jeremiah 1:5).

Now Jeremiah did not exist before his conception. Yet these words would seem to teach it, if understood as those who believe in the pre-existence of Christ, understood the statements about him. As a purpose Jeremiah existed; his person was as clearly present to the divine mind as if he had stood before him in actual fact. This is the explanation of words, which, rigidly construed, would imply Jeremiah’s pre-existence.

Look again at the words spoken of Cyrus, the Persian ruler, more than a hundred years before he was born:

"For Jacob my servant’s sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name, I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me" (Isaiah 45:4).

The same remark applies here: Cyrus was present to the divine contemplation as really as if he existed. Hence a style of language which would seem to assume his existence before he was born.

On the same principle, the purpose to raise a dead man is expressed by ignoring his death, and assuming his continued existence. Thus Jesus deduces the resurrection from the fact that God styled himself the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, at a time when these men were dead. The Sadducees saw the force of the argument, and were silenced (Matthew 22:31-34). The principle of the argument is expressed in the words of Paul:

"God who quickeneth the dead, and calleth those things which be not (but are to be) as though they were" (Romans 4:17).

The words spoken of Jesus are of this order. When he said in prayer to the Father, "Thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world", he did not teach that he existed from "the foundation of the world", but that the Father regarded him with love from the beginning, and that, therefore, to the Father’s mind, he was present. In the words of Peter,

"He was fore-ordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times" (1 Peter 1:20).

The same style of language is adopted with reference to Christ’s people: "He hath chosen us in him before the foundation of the world." Literally, this would prove the existence of believers before the world began, for properly, a thing must exist to be the object of choice; actually, it only proves divine foresight. The glory which Jesus had before the world was, was the glory which God purposed for him from the beginning. Literally, he had not the glory referred to before the world was. What was the nature of that glory - the glory Jesus received in answer to this prayer? He - the bodily Jesus - the body prepared - that which was evolved from the substance of Mary and made the subject of the anointing - was made incorruptible in substance, and the spirit shed upon that substance so abundantly, that it made him more luminous than the sun (Acts 26:13), and gave him power to bestow the spirit, and control providence in heaven and earth. Was Jesus possessed of this glory before he was born? Was he a body anointed with the spirit before he was the body prepared? Was he a real resurrected Jesus before Jesus of Nazareth was born in Bethlehem? Yet this was the glory he had with the Father before the world was. It was a glory he had in the Father’s purpose, but in no other sense.

In the same way are we to understand the words, "Before Abraham was, I am" (John 8:58). This was Christ’s answer to the incredulity excited by his statement, "Abraham rejoiced to see my day, and he saw it, and was glad." The Jews thought he meant to insinuate that he was contemporary with Abraham, whereas he only meant to express the fact stated by Paul in the following words: "These all (including Abraham - see verse 8) died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off" (Hebrews 11:13). It was this seeing of the promise of Christ "afar off" that made Abraham glad. It was the day presented in the promises that he saw, but, as they almost always did, the Jews mistook Jesus, and, as he was prone to do, he deepened their bewilderment by using another form of speech, which still more obscured his meaning, on the principle indicated in Matthew 13:11-15: a form of speech which in one phrase expressed two aspects of the truth concerning himself, viz., that he was purposed before Abraham existed, and that the Father, of whom he was then the manifestation, existed before all.

Jesus said,

"I and my Father are one" (John 10:30).

He could not mean, in view of all the testimony, what Trinitarians understand him to mean, that he and the Father were identically the same person ("the same in substance, equal in power and glory"), but that they were one in spirit-connection and design of operations. This is apparent from his prayer for his disciples, "That they may be one, even as we are one." The unity is not as to person, but as to nature and state of mind. This is the unity that exists between the Father and the Son, and the unity that will be ultimately established between the Father and his whole family, of whom Christ is the elder brother. When this unity is established, Christ will take a more subordinate position than he now occupies, in relation to the race of Adam. Paul says,

"When all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all" (1 Corinthians 15: 28).

The Crucifixion

This was Christ’s great act of obedience; but why was such an act of obedience necessary? Nothing has more staggered thoughtful minds than this question; and yet nothing is simpler when the Scriptural elements of the case are all placed together. It is a theological habit to represent the death of Christ as an act on his part to appease the wrath of the Father towards sinners. The Scriptures, on the contrary, always speak of it as an expression of God’s love towards fallen humanity. We read:

"God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life" (John 3:16).

Again, John says:

"In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him...and we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world" (1 John 4:9,14).

Paul expresses the same sentiment:

"God commendeth his love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us" (Romans 5:8).

And again:

"God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them" (2 Corinthians 5:19).

But the question presses: How was God’s love manifested in the death of Christ? Could not divine love have been manifested without so tragic an event? Evidently not; for on the very eve of crucifixion, Christ prayed to the Father in these agonising terms: "If it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt". The cup did not pass; therefore, it was not possible. He drank it deep, pouring out his soul unto death. Why was the death of Christ indispensable? What did it accomplish? A consideration of the testimony will guide us to an answer which the discarding of the doctrine of natural immortality prepares us to understand. First let us consider the following allusions to the object of the crucifixion:

"Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures" (1 Corinthians 15:3).

"He was wounded for our transgressions; he was bruised for our iniquities; and with his stripes we are healed" (Isaiah 3:5).

"He put away sin by the sacrifice of himself" (Hebrews 11:26).

"Christ our passover is sacrificed for us" (1 Corinthians 5:7).

"God spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all" (Romans 8:32).

"While we were yet sinners, Christ died for us" (Romans 5:8).

"We have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins" (Colossians 1:14).

"Having made peace through the blood of his cross, to reconcile all things" (verse 20).

"You he hath reconciled in the body of his flesh through death" (verse 22).

"His own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree" (1 Peter 2:24).

"The Son of man came to give his life a ransom for many" (Mark 10:45).

"The man Christ Jesus, who gave himself a ransom for all" (1 Timothy 2:5,6).

"Our Saviour Jesus Christ, who gave himself for us that he might redeem us from all iniquity" (Titus 2:13-14).

"Our Lord Jesus Christ, who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world" (Galatians 1:3-4).

"This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins" (Matthew 26:28).

"Thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood" (Revelation 5:9).

hese statements affirm a connection between the death of Christ and the restoration of sinful man to divine favour and life. It is not the mere fact of Christ’s transfixion on the cross by the Romans, that constitutes the saving and enlightening truth of the matter; it is the principles involved in the tragedy that constitute the truth to be known. These principles have been divinely revealed. The first is, that "the wages of sin is death" (Romans 6:23). Paul says, "By one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin" (Romans 5:12). Adam disobeyed a command given to him, and, in consequence of disobedience, was condemned to return to the ground from whence he came. Hence, "sin", which has become an obscure and unintelligible term, is simply disobedience. It is, in fact, so styled by Paul in the very chapter in which he describes Adam’s act as "sin". He says, "By one man’s disobedience many were made sinners" (Romans 5:19). Sin being disobedience or transgression (agreeable with John’s definition, "Sin is the transgression of the law" (1 John 3:4), we are enabled to understand the relation of death to it.

This death is not a "state of the soul", or "peril of eternal damnation in the flames of hell"; both of which are unknown to Scripture, either in word or idea, being pagan corruptions of the truth. The death resulting from Adam’s transgression is a dissolution of being in the grave. Hence Paul puts resurrection by Christ in antithesis to death by Adam. "For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead." This being the nature of death, we are enabled to understand the law which makes it the result of sin. Sin being the transgression or disobedience of the divine law, the perpetrator of it is out of joint with the law of well-being, whether as regards himself, others, or God. He cannot have joy of himself, he cannot yield happiness to others, and he cannot yield pleasure to his Creator. Misery is the result of such a state; and it is one of the beneficent ordinances of God that perpetual existence shall be impossible under such circumstances - that death (extinction of being) shall follow in the train of moral pestilence, and wipe its evil results from the face of creation. He will not allow the evil to become permanent. So far from decreeing or countenancing an eternal hell, where sinners shall writhe and devils triumph to all eternity, his law, with jealous and inexorable power, follows close on the heels of sin, and suppresses the very germ of rebellion and misery.

This is the first principle to be apprehended before the crucifixion can be understood. Adam, the father of the race, disobeying in face of the declared penalty of death, brought upon himself the threatened sentence, and his posterity are involved in the same condemnation, for the simple reason that they are but propagations of his own being in all its qualities and relations, and also because they are themselves, every one of them, sinners by actual transgression, and, therefore, on their own account, subject to death.

Now here is the problem to be solved, and which has been solved in the death and resurrection of the Lord Jesus: how is condemned human nature to be emancipated from the law of sin and death, in harmony with the righteousness that has brought that law into force? If humanity were left to itself, it would inevitably perish; because it is not only incapable of a perfect righteousness, but it cannot set aside the condemnation in which it already exists. God’s plan in Christ has given us a scheme by which human salvation is achieved without the violation of any of his laws, which are necessary to the maintenance of his supremacy in the universe. Christ meets all the necessities of the case. The first necessity was that the law, both Edenic and Mosaic, should be upheld. The law required the death of the transgressing nature, viz., human nature. He had this nature, and he died:

"Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same . . . He took not on him the nature of angels, but he took on him the seed of Abraham" (Hebrews 2:14,16)

But it was also necessary that such a sufferer should be sinless, because sin would have prevented resurrection to life immortal. His necessity for sinlessness in "the Lamb of God" was constantly prefigured under the law by the spotlessness of the beasts offered in sacrifice. Christ as the great antitype fulfilled this condition: "He was holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners". He could triumphantly ask his persecutors, "Which of you convinceth me of sin?" (John 8:46). If Christ had been son of Adam merely, he would have been a sinner, and, therefore, unfit for sacrificial purposes. On the other hand, if he had been clothed with angelic or immaculate nature, he would have been equally disqualified, inasmuch as it was necessary that the sinning nature should suffer in him. The combination of condemned human nature with personal sinlessness was effected through divine power begetting a son from Mary’s substance. A "Lamb of God", was thus produced, guileless from his paternity, and yet inheriting the human sin-nature of his mother.

It is not possible that "The blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins" (Hebrews 10:4), for the reason that appears in view of all these facts. The law would admit of no substitute, but exacted the very nature obnoxious to its penalty. Christ, then, "being found in fashion as a man", and yet being sinless, was a perfect sacrifice; because being the representative of human nature he could meet all the claims of God’s law upon that nature, and yet triumph over its operation by a resurrection to immortal life. The Lamb being provided, the sacrifice followed. The "Messiah was cut off", "he was wounded for our transgressions; he was bruised for our iniquities:... the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all."

God dealt with him representatively. There is a great difference between a representative and a substitute. A representative is not disconnected from those represented. On the contrary, those represented go through with him all that he goes through. But in the case of a substitute, it is otherwise. He does his part instead of those for whom he it the substitute, and these are dissociated from the transgression.

Christ suffering as the representative of his people, is one with them, and they are one with him. In what he went through they went through. Hence, Paul says believers were crucified with Christ, and baptised into his death. This death he declares to have been "the declaration of the righteousness of God",

Christ having died, God raised him from the dead to a glorious existence, even to divine nature. This was the essential point of the scheme, as appears from 1st Corinthians 15:17,20: "If Christ be not raised your faith is vain, ye are yet in your sins. But now is Christ risen from the dead"; and being raised, he constitutes the "one name given under heaven whereby men must be saved" (Acts 4:12). If Christ had been a personal transgressor, the law of sin would have kept him in the grave, and the scheme of salvation would have miscarried at its vital point. The way of salvation could not have been opened through him; a dead Saviour would have been no ark of refuge, no life-giver to the mortal sons of men.

But Christ, after suffering the natural penalty of disobedience in human nature, having been raised from the dead to live for evermore, he is "the Saviour of all such as come to him". He has life for bestowal by his own right.

"This is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life; and this life is in his son. He that hath the Son hath life, and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life" (1 John 5:11-12).

Life is deposited in him for our acceptance, on condition of allying ourselves to him, yea, on condition of our entry into him, and becoming part of him; for Paul says of those who are in Christ, "We are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones", and the aggregate of such are designated "the Bride, the Lamb’s wife", "his body, the church".

Divine wisdom, which is foolishness with men, has provided a means whereby we get the benefit of the result achieved in Christ. Baptism in water is the ceremony by which believing men and women are united to Christ, and constituted heirs of the life everlasting which he possesses in his own right:

"As many of you as have been baptised into Christ have put on Christ" (Galatians 3:27).

Entering into Christ, we are made one with him, and become heirs to the privileges of the position which he has established in himself, after the analogy of the woman who, at her betrothal, obtains a prospective title to that which belongs to the man to whom she is betrothed. In the first Adam, we inherit death without the possibility of retrieving our misfortune, so long as we remain connected with him. In the last Adam (who, however, it must always be borne in mind, ascended to the last Adam position from the first Adam state), we obtain a title to eternal life. Hence the words of the apostle Paul: "As in Adam all die; even so in Christ shall all be made alive", that is, the "all" of whom he is speaking, viz., believers of the truth, as may be seen by the context (1 Corinthians 15:22-23), and only those who are found worthy at the judgment-seat. He is speaking here of being made alive immortally, not of mere resuscitation of mortal life to judgment, of which many will be the subjects who have never been Christians, but who are among the responsible unjust by reason of their privileges.

By nature we are in Adam. By the gospel and baptism we pass "into Christ". This is God’s appointment; and we cannot be saved except by compliance with his appointments. Natural virtue will avail nothing, because, in itself, it is related only to the present, and establishes no right in respect of future existence. Those who are trusting to it, are building their house upon a foundation of sand. There is only one name given under heaven whereby men can be saved; and if we refuse to put on that name, and thus reject Christ, "who is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption" (1 Corinthians 1:30), there remains nothing for us but the utter worthlessness of our own mortality, which without redemption will perish for ever under the just condemnation of him who hath already passed the decree in prospect: "Whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath." O reader, "refuse not him that speaketh". Turn not thine ear from the invitation which calls thee to drink of the fountain of the water of life freely. Gladly accept it; humbly comply with its requirements; and thou shalt, in due time, be delivered from the bondage of mortal flesh which lies heavy upon thee, and be promoted to the glorious liberty of the children of God!

(Extracted from Christendom Astray by Robert Roberts with slight amendments to reflect the current state of affairs among the nations. Copies of this excellent guide to understanding the Bible are available by contacting us).


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